Architectural shingles vary in sizes and materials from which they are made. Although they are called, these roofing products provide unique three-dimensional appearance that rivals the frequent look of the natural wood shake. The basic design of the shingles still suggests the depth and surface of the usual roofing materials, but the variations make the shingle distinct in their own ways.
Depending on the product, as well as the sales regions, features of architectural shingles vary. Most are available in either "English" or "Metric" dimensions. Their weight is usually between 240 to 340 pounds, which results to the shingles' high resistance to strong winds and extreme weather conditions. Other attributes of shingles include resistance to algae growth, especially in damp regions. This design feature also helps prevent the black streaking commonly visible on shingles in areas with humidity and rainfall totals.
The main components of shingle include mat base made of fiber glass and asphalt that is carefully refined. Other than these basic materials, manufacturers also tend to require additional underlayment in architectural shingles to prevent leakage and / or waterproofing. The shingles are also available in different colors, but availability varies on different areas.
Shingle types may be classified based on the materials used. Aluminum shingles, although not considered as an alternative for residential areas, are now being made to resemble cedar shakes, slate and clay tiles. Long lasting, energy efficient and recyclable, they do not rust, rot, tear, or become infested by bugs or mold. Another type is made from copper, which is a strong, resilient, and environment-friendly metal. Copper shingles are often preferred by many people because even though it has a tendency to change color after a certain period of time due to chemical reactions with the atmosphere, it does not dry out or crack. Furthermore, no extra roofing reinforcement is needed, which minimizes expenses. There are other metal architectural shingles gaining popularity nowdays because of their stylish appearance and practicality. Being modernized, they can easily be painted to suit any style of roof. To make metal shingles resistant to corrosion, they are covered with zinc. Also, they are not subject to attack from mold, insects, or rot.
Shingles are also made from non-metal materials. These types are the older forms of architectural shingles that are still stylish and classical at the same time. Slate shingles, for one, are the elegant and durable that survived the changes in design with the passing of time and generation. Although now one of the most expensive roofing products available in the market, it is very desirable, especially in areas prone to forest fires because they are actually fire resistant. Solar shingle, made from thin layers of amorphous silicon and stainless steel, are among the latest technology that helps consumers harness solar energy. They are used in commercial, residential and agricultural structures.
The assortment of various architectural shingles made from different materials showcases to different areas and regions depending on several functions as well as weather conditions. Home and structural owners ranging from commercial to agricultural industries have wider options of roof systems to choose from considering life span, efficiency and durability.