When you are choosing a new roof for your home, you need to consider a number of factors including the cost, color, style and material. There are many types of roofing materials available and they can be used to complement any style of building. The type of roofing that you choose will affect the look and even functionality of your home. Before you choose the roof type, you need to find out the best material recommended for your region. Here are some of the most common available ones:
1. Asphalt shingles
This is the most popular type of roofing around the country, with almost 75% of homes having this type of roof. The popularity of the shingles is due to the low cost, strength of the materials and ease of installation. There are many standards of the shingles and they differ in color, price and durability.
They are made from petroleum products and fiberglass, and they can be used on any type or style of home. On the downside, Asphalt shingles are not very eco-friendly and they do not have a very long lifespan when compared to other roofing types. The materials have very low insulation ability though.
2. Concrete and clay tiles
Concrete tiles add elegance to the home due to their beauty and versatility. They can add value to the home and their flexibility makes them perfect for creating unique designs. They come in different styles, colors and shapes, and do not look like regular roofing tiles. Clay tiles are ideal for those who want durability and safety.
They are non-combustible and are extremely heavy, and they require strengthening of the roof framing. They are very energy-efficient and are made from sustainable materials making them environmentally friendly.
3. Wood shingles
These are shingles made from different types of wood including cedar, southern pine and redwood among others. The cost and quality of wood shingles will depend on the type of wood, with cedar being the most expensive type. An alternative to the wood shingles are wood shakes, which unlike the shingles are handmade, for a rougher finish.
These shingles are not highly rated for fire, but for an additional cost, you can get some that are treated with fire resistant products. Before installing wood shingles, you have to check with your local building codes. While the material is natural and aesthetically pleasing, it is very high maintenance and will tend to split, rot or even get moldy.
Slate is a dark and very beautiful roofing type that is very durable and long lasting. It can last for hundreds of years and does not leach. This type of roof is quite costly, but it easy to repair or maintain. It is ideal for the French or colonial style home. However, it is not recommended for hot areas due to the dark color and its ability to retain heat.
There are other types of roofing materials including metals like steel and aluminum, fiber cement and synthetic shingles. Many modern materials can be recycled. Both the climate and how sustainable the roofing material is, will determine the most ideal type for your home.