Most people know the value and comfort that a dependable roof can provide, but what options are available when you've sprung a leak? In this article, we'll discuss two common types of roofs, the leaks that occur, and ideas on how to deal with a problem if and when it arises.
A roof can develop a leak years prior to ever requiring replacement. The most common cause of a leak being cracked or missing shingle, or a blistered area due to weathering. Thankfully, in most cases the hardest part of the repair process is locating the damaged area.
Once the problem area is located, it's time to get to work. Shingle troubles are relatively simple. If the shingle has curled, it can usually be reattached with a caulking gun and a compound found at most home improvement stores. Asphalt cement is also a common fix. To reattach the shingle apply a large amount of cement to the bottom and press into place.
Shingles which are missing, rotten, or torn need to be replaced. If a large area of rot is found, you may be looking at a new one. If this is the case, be sure to consult a professional before proceeding with any further repairs.
A flat one is made up of layers of roofing felt and tar. The most common area for leaks in these particular types are generally low spots or places where the melt has been damaged. Unlike other types, flat roof damage is easy to spot. Once the damage is identified it should be assessed. Water that is still pooled should be mopped up preventing the surface to dry prior to repair.
If a blister is discovered you can use a sharp utility knife to slice it open. Once open, lift the cut edges and squeeze any water out from between the roofing layers. Cold weather jobs will require the use of a propane torch in order to dry the felt taking care not to let layers get hot enough to bubble or burn as the felt and tar are rather flammable.
Once the melt has dried spread a thick coating of roof cement on the bottom edges of any loose felt and firmly press down the sides of the blister. Finally, you'll close the blister with a row of roofing nails along each side of the slit. Roofing cement is then spread over the entire area.
Not all are ever the same. Location, materials, and maintenance play a huge part in the lifespan of every roof. If you should encounter any issues beyond your understanding, your best bet is always to get in touch with a trusted professional.