A simple crack, a small leak, and minor roof damage can still bring major consequences if left unattended. Emergency roof repair can be done in order to prevent the problem from spreading. Although it does not necessarily fix the problem permanently, it at least buys you some time to contact a professional roofer.
Start from checking the problem inside the house. You should identify which parts of the house are affected by a roof leak. This can help you estimate how big the affected area is and how much roof repair is required. Watermarks in the ceiling do not needlessly say the problem is right above it, though. If the roof is built at a higher angle, the crack may be found on a different location.
Once you have identified the areas for roof repair, you then need to find out if this problem is caused by weather conditions or the roof structure itself. If the roof is built sturdily, but the materials used can not withstand its environment (strong winds, storms or hail), this would still cause you some serious roof problems in the long run. If it was caused by a poorly designed roof structure, it would be best to contact your contractor immediately and raise those issues for a permanent fix.
Aside from taking into consideration what had caused the roof damage, you also need to consider what type of roof you are dealing with. Roof repair for cedar shingles will not needfully apply if you're dealing with asphalt shingle. It is best to check all the materials and tools needed to fix the job.
For example, in dealing with wooden shake roofs, you need a hammer and chisel to detach the broken shake from the area and a hacksaw to cut off the old nail heads that are protruding. Once done, replace the broken shake with a new one, making sure that its size is smaller than the previous one so as to provide a small space for the shake to swell in.
For shingle roofs, you may just need to flatten out any curled shingle back to its place with a hammer. There are also cases when you have to warm the shingles up with a torch before you can flatten them because they have stiffened up due to cold climate. Roof repair for flashing between roof pitches or valleys and drainpipes require you to scrape it first with a wire brush before applying generous amounts of roof cement to seal those gaps and cracks completely.
These simple applications in roof repair should be considered as a quick fix for those small roof problems. This will at least give you an idea where and how to deal with it. If you found out that the affected area is bigger than you have thought, consulting a professional roofer for a permanent solution would still be the best approach in dealing with these roof problems.